Interpret Drawings For Art Therapy:
Learning to interpret art therapy drawings makes you the art therapy expert. It is important for you as the art therapist to understand all aspects of the drawing, yet remain nonjudgemental in the process. Remember to let the client be the ultimate translator.
A Quick Reference Guide for Art Therapy Drawings: Learn To Interpret At- Risk Clients Through Art Therapy Drawings.
Placement of a Play Therapy Drawing: Look at the placement of the drawing. This is a very important part of the interpretation.
Top of page art therapy drawing: Lives in a fantasy world, withdrawn, avoids others.
Bottom of page art therapy drawing: Insecure, dependent, needy
Middle of page art therapy drawing: Range of normalcy
Heavy pressure on art therapy drawing of lines: Trauma or Aggression
Light pressure: Fear
Shading: Anxiety, if on genitals then possible sexual abuse or sexual identity conflict.
Lots of details in the art therapy drawing: Possible sexual abuse or need to control.
Constant Erasures in the art therapy drawing: Anxiety and Stress
Small Figures or Drawings: Insecurity, possible depression, low self-esteem, withdrawal, etc.
Large Figures or Drawings: Poor Locus of Control
Slanted Figures: Unstable, insecure, possible mental imbalance
A-Sexual Gender: Possible Sexual Trauma
Drawing in Profile: Withdrawn
Stick Figure: Insecure or depressed
Ears: Paranoia / Suspicious
Eyes/ Large: Suspicious
Eyes / Small: Guilty or withdrawn
Closed Eye: Withdrawn
Long: Possible Sexual Relevance
Tiny: Dependency and withdrawn
Absence of Hands: Possible sexual abuse or sense of “helplessness.”
Large Hands: Aggressive or hostile
Small Hands: Insecure
Hidden Hands: Guilt
Mitten Hands: Repression of aggressive feelings but showing compliance outwardly.
Long : Aggressive
No Hands: Aggressive
It is very rare for a child to draw genitals or breasts in the art therapy drawing. Any drawings of genitals (or possibly breasts) is usually an indicator of possible sexual abuse.
Look carefully at all parts of the art therapy drawing and do further assessments on the art therapy client.
Hair: Messy: Confused Shaded: Anxiety
Head (Ego) Large: Fantasy Thinking Small: Possible O.C.D.,
Lips: Open Mouth: Possible Sexual Relevance or neediness
Long Neck: Emotional Numbness Thick Short Neck: Aggressive
Weak Neck: Fragile
Large Nostrils: Aggression
Lopsided Shoulders: Unstable
Teeth Exposed or Jagged: Aggression or Anger
Sexual Characteristics of the art therapy drawings to be aware of:
Vampire Teeth or Monster Teeth
Body without lower parts
Overemphasis of the mouth
Eyes hidden by dark glasses
Legs very close together
Clouds, snow, tumultuous waters , or rain
References: Lynne Cantlay, “Detecting Child Abuse”
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