Use the below art therapy interpretation drawings information as a quick reference guide to your art therapy practice.
Quick Reference: Learn To Interpret At- Risk Clients Through Play Therapy & Art Counseling Drawings.
Placement of a Play Therapy Drawing:
Top of page: Lives in a fantasy world, withdrawn, avoids others
Bottom of page: Insecure, dependent, needy
Middle of page: Range of normalcy
Heavy pressure on drawing of lines: Trauma or Aggression
Light pressure: Fear
Shading: Anxiety, if on genitals then possible sexual abuse or sexual identity conflict
Lots of details in the drawing: Possible sexual abuse or need to control
Constant Erasures in drawing: Anxiety and Stress
Small Figures or Drawings: Insecurity, possible depression, low self-esteem, withdrawal
Large Figures or Drawings: Poor Locus of Control
Slanted Figures: Unstable, insecure, possible mental imbalance
A-Sexual Gender: Possible Sexual Trauma
Drawing in Profile: Withdrawn
Stick Figure: Insecure or depressed
Ears: Paranoia / Suspicious
Eyes/ Large: Suspicious
Eyes / Small: Guilty or withdrawn
Closed Eye: Withdrawn
Long: Possible Sexual Relevance
Tiny: Dependency and withdrawn
Absence of Hands: Possible sexual abuse or sense of “helplessness.”
Large Hands: Aggressive or hostile
Small Hands: Insecure
Hidden Hands: Guilt
Mitten Hands: Repression of aggressive feelings but showing compliance outwardly.
Long : Aggressive
No Hands: Aggressive
It is very rare for a child to draw genitals or breasts. Any drawings of genitals (or possibly breasts) is usually an indicator of possible sexual abuse.
Look carefully at all parts of the drawing and do further assessments on the play therapy client.
Hair: Messy: Confused Shaded: Anxiety
Head (Ego) Large: Fantasy Thinking Small: Possible O.C.D.,
Lips: Open Mouth: Possible Sexual Relevance or neediness
Long Neck: Emotional Numbness Thick Short Neck: Aggressive
Weak Neck: Fragile
Large Nostrils: Aggression
Lopsided Shoulders: Unstable
Teeth Exposed or Jagged: Aggression or Anger
Sexual Characteristics of Drawings to be aware of:
Vampire Teeth or Monster Teeth
Body without lower parts
Overemphasis of the mouth
Eyes hidden by dark glasses
Legs very close together
Clouds, snow, tumultuous waters , or rain
References: Lynne Cantlay, “Detecting Child Abuse”
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